About EV

Types of Electric Vehicles

POWER SOURCE
Plug-in
Battery
Fast
Plug-in
Battery
Fast
Plug-in
Battery
Fast
Plug-in
Battery
Fast

EV Charging Speeds

Slow EV Charging

Only recommended for emergency charging at home or work using an EV manufacturers supplied lead.

Fast / Super Fast EV Charging

The preferred method of charging at home or work, best suited for overnight or top up charging. Depending on the model it can charge an electric vehicle from flat to 100% in around 2-6 hours.

Rapid EV Charging

Rapid DC and AC chargers provide high power direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC). Rapid charges can charge an electric vehicle to around 80% in 20-30 minutes.

EV Connector Types

  • UK Three Pin
    Standard UK domestic plug, it can be used to charge some EV vehicles but lacks the safety and speed.
  • Type 1
    A five-pin plug, was the connector found on earlier international EV /PHEVs.
  • Type 2
    A seven-pin plug, this connector is typically found on most EV /PHEVs vehicles on the market as manufacturers move towards a European standard.
  • CCS (Combo)
    This connector is used for rapid charging points and is typically compatible with European vehicles.
  • JEVS (CHAdeMO)
    This connector is used for rapid charging points and is typically compatible with Asian vehicles.

EV Charging Modes

Mode 1

The simplest solution for EV charging. Mode 1 requires only a domestic socket and simple cable but can be dangerous if used incorrectly. It is recommended to be used only with smaller electric vehicles and bikes.

Mode 2

Similar to Mode 1 in that the vehicle is connected to a domestic socket but much safer as the cable includes a built-in protection and charge monitoring device, meaning it will stop charging when the vehicle battery is full.

Mode 3

The vehicle is connected via a dedicated EV standard socket (Type 1 or 2) or tethered cable. A control and protection function is also installed in the charging unit. This is the only charging mode that meets the applicable standards regulating electrical installations.

Mode 4

DC or AC connection for rapid recharging. Uses either JEVS (CHAdeMO) or CCS (Combo) connectors on a tethered cable, with control and protection functions installed in the charging unit.

Comparision Tables

Charging Speeds
Speed Maximum Current Phase (0) Voltage Power Charging Time
Slow 13A 1 230 VAC up to 2kW 6-12 Hours
Fast 16A/32A 1 230 VAC .6kW/7.2kW 4-6 Hours
SuperFast 16A/32A 3 400 VAC 11kW/22kW 2-4 Hours
Rapid (AC) 63A 3 400 VAC 43kW 20-30 Minutes
Rapid (DC) 100A-125A 3 400-500 VAC 50kW 20-30 Minutes
Charging Mode
Mode 1 Mode 2 Mode 3 Mode 4
Power Up to 2kW AC Max. 3.2kW AC 20-50kW DC 7-43kW AC
Charging Cables Simple Cable Cable includes built-in protection/ charge monitoring device Dedicated EV standard (Type 1 or Type 2) AC socket with dedicated cable incorporating charge monitoring Dedicated DC tethered cable with JEVS (CHAdeMO) or CCS (Combo) connector incorporating charge monitoring
Comms Passive Connection Semi-Active Connection Active Connection Active Connection
Charge Speed Slow Slow Fast/SuperFast Rapid