Types of Electric Vehicles
EV Charging Speeds
Slow EV Charging
Only recommended for emergency charging at home or work using an EV manufacturers supplied lead.
Fast / Super Fast EV Charging
The preferred method of charging at home or work, best suited for overnight or top up charging. Depending on the model it can charge an electric vehicle from flat to 100% in around 2-6 hours.
Rapid EV Charging
Rapid DC and AC chargers provide high power direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC). Rapid charges can charge an electric vehicle to around 80% in 20-30 minutes.
EV Connector Types
UK Three PinStandard UK domestic plug, it can be used to charge some EV vehicles but lacks the safety and speed.
Type 1A five-pin plug, was the connector found on earlier international EV /PHEVs.
Type 2A seven-pin plug, this connector is typically found on most EV /PHEVs vehicles on the market as manufacturers move towards a European standard.
CCS (Combo)This connector is used for rapid charging points and is typically compatible with European vehicles.
JEVS (CHAdeMO)This connector is used for rapid charging points and is typically compatible with Asian vehicles.
EV Charging Modes
The simplest solution for EV charging. Mode 1 requires only a domestic socket and simple cable but can be dangerous if used incorrectly. It is recommended to be used only with smaller electric vehicles and bikes.
Similar to Mode 1 in that the vehicle is connected to a domestic socket but much safer as the cable includes a built-in protection and charge monitoring device, meaning it will stop charging when the vehicle battery is full.
The vehicle is connected via a dedicated EV standard socket (Type 1 or 2) or tethered cable. A control and protection function is also installed in the charging unit. This is the only charging mode that meets the applicable standards regulating electrical installations.
DC or AC connection for rapid recharging. Uses either JEVS (CHAdeMO) or CCS (Combo) connectors on a tethered cable, with control and protection functions installed in the charging unit.
|Speed||Maximum Current||Phase (0)||Voltage||Power||Charging Time|
|Slow||13A||1||230 VAC||up to 2kW||6-12 Hours|
|Fast||16A/32A||1||230 VAC||.6kW/7.2kW||4-6 Hours|
|SuperFast||16A/32A||3||400 VAC||11kW/22kW||2-4 Hours|
|Rapid (AC)||63A||3||400 VAC||43kW||20-30 Minutes|
|Rapid (DC)||100A-125A||3||400-500 VAC||50kW||20-30 Minutes|
|Mode 1||Mode 2||Mode 3||Mode 4|
|Power||Up to 2kW AC||Max. 3.2kW AC||20-50kW DC||7-43kW AC|
|Charging Cables||Simple Cable||Cable includes built-in protection/ charge monitoring device||Dedicated EV standard (Type 1 or Type 2) AC socket with dedicated cable incorporating charge monitoring||Dedicated DC tethered cable with JEVS (CHAdeMO) or CCS (Combo) connector incorporating charge monitoring|
|Comms||Passive Connection||Semi-Active Connection||Active Connection||Active Connection|